When Is the Right Time for Cyst Removal Surgery?

 When Is the Right Time for Cyst Removal Surgery?

Cysts are a very common skin condition that are fortunately often harmless. But regardless of a cyst’s impact on your physical health, you may want to have it removed. So when is the right time for cyst removal surgery?

What Are Cysts?

Cysts come in countless forms, shapes, and sizes and can appear anywhere on your skin. A cyst is a sac that is fully contained beneath the skin. Cysts can be composed of liquid or harder tissues. Cysts generally grow slowly and expand as the material within them gathers. Most cysts don’t cause any discomfort, but it is possible. They can disrupt movement or press on nerves if they’re large enough and in the right place. Besides that, cysts can be unsightly and harm a person’s self esteem. Cysts are rarely cause for medical concern, but because they can resemble more concerning skin conditions like certain types of skin cancer, it’s important to have any suspected cyst examined by your dermatologist. While cysts are contained beneath the skin, they can grow to a point where they rupture to the surface of the skin. These cysts can resemble acne and occasionally drain a yellow, pus-like material. There are more types of cysts than can possibly be listed here, but these are some of the more common cysts.

Epidermoid cysts are the most common and occur within the deeper layers of the skin. These are textbook cysts and rarely cause discomfort of any kind. An epidermoid cyst, as described above, can sometimes rupture. That’s why it’s important to alert your dermatologist to the presence of a cyst early. Treatment of a cyst while it’s small can prevent future issues like infection or excessive growth.

Sebaceous cysts, often mistakenly conflated with epidermoid cysts, are rarer. These cysts form in a manner similar to acne. The sebaceous glands in our skin, which are primarily housed in the face, neck, scalp, and back, produce oil or sebum. This oil is critical to protecting our skin from dryness. But when a sebaceous gland is damaged or blocked, it has the potential to develop into a sebaceous cyst. Sebaceous cysts fill with sebum and keratin, most commonly, and are at a higher risk of rupturing than other cysts. Ruptured cysts can be painful and potentially lead to infection.

Cyst Removal Surgery

There are a few ways to treat cysts, but the most effective way is minor surgical removal. Other medical practices like draining a cyst may work in the short term, but it’s likely the cyst will come back. That’s because when a cyst is drained, the walls of the cyst remain in the skin. These walls make the collection of materials within the cyst more likely to recur. Cyst removal surgery seeks to remove the cyst entirely, including the walls of the cyst so that it cannot grow back. So, our question is: when is the right time for cyst removal surgery? The answer can be tricky! Many cysts are benign and pose no threat to your health. Some cysts stay rather small and visually unobtrusive. In cases like these, no treatment may be the best course of action. But as soon as that cyst causes discomfort, starts growing larger, or if it’s just unsightly and you want it gone, surgery should be on the table. Cyst removal surgery is not very difficult. A local anesthesia is applied to the affected area, and an incision is made. Your dermatologist then removes the entire cyst. Because a cyst takes up space, removing it leaves a wound that often calls for stitches. In many cases, a small scar may be left after a cyst removal surgery.


Cysts don’t have to slow you down at all; in many cases, it’s about your level of comfort and nothing else. Ready to have that annoying or ugly cyst removed so you can get your life back to normal? Reach out to the experts at Pacific Dermatology Specialists today for a consultation.

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